The nickname “wisdom teeth” because the third molars, comes by the age of people when they appear, between 16 and 25 years. Many people have no room for wisdom teeth. A Often, when they leave, they can cause problems dental. Wisdom teeth usually emerge usually easy to remove with conventional methods, while impacted wisdom teeth require alternative methods of disposal.
Problems caused by wisdom teeth usually emerge
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to emerge, and are farther from the front of the mouth, making it difficult to maintain hygiene oral. Wisdom teeth are not the reason why teeth coalesce, but they can put pressure on others, because they take up valuable space and pressed the teeth with them, creating a domino effect. Wisdom teeth are prone to decay and periodontal disease or gum disease.
Problems with emerging wisdom teeth abnormally
Often, due to lack of space, a wisdom tooth can emerge only partially or cannot do at all, and is considered impacted. The impacted wisdom teeth bring a multitude of problems. Molars emerge only partially produce a painful condition called pericoronitis. This is because the food under accumulate in inflamed tissue where the tooth is trying to emerge. Wisdom teeth that emerge can never become cystic and destroy bone and other structures supporting the teeth.
Conventional extraction of wisdom teeth
Some dentists enjoy the challenge of removing wisdom teeth emerge without complications. Others may refer you to a specialist such as an oral surgeon. Following administration of anesthesia, the tooth is removed with tweezers. Sometimes, instead of forceps, dentist or surgeon uses an instrument called periosteal (bone elevator), wedging it between the wisdom tooth and the adjacent tooth. Then use the adjacent tooth as a lever, forcing the wisdom tooth out of the basin. The patient bites gauze, it is given an extra gauze with postoperative instructions and sent him home. Usually there is not much postoperative discomfort or swelling.
Surgical removal of a wisdom tooth emerges only partially
The impacted wisdom teeth are almost always referred to an oral surgeon. The patient receives intravenous sedation, anesthesia plus teeth, to make the procedure more comfortable. With a scalpel, an incision is made and the tissue is removed around the affected tooth. A surgical hand piece and strawberry tooth sectioned in half. The halves of the tooth and the roots are removed. The pieces of bone or teeth are carefully washed and the flap of gum tissue is closed and sutured. If the stitches are not soluble, the patient returns to be eliminated. Swelling and postoperative pain are minimal, but painkillers and antibiotics help in healing.
Surgical removal of a wisdom tooth does not emerge
The removal of a wisdom tooth has not emerged is the most difficult to remove. It is always performed by an oral surgeon with intravenous sedation. A scalpel opens gum on the area of tooth location. A hand piece and the surgical bur pass through the bone covering the wheel. Once discovered, the wheel is sectioned and removed, or the surgeon continue drilling around the tooth to remove the bone and remove the entire tooth. It is sutured to close the surgical site, and the same is removed at a later date. This extraction almost always creates swelling of the mouth and face. Analgesics and antibiotics are necessary.